World Class Solar Cells
Solar power is the renewable energy source that has the greatest potential to solve the world's energy challenges. The University of Oslo is now building a world-leading research group in this field.
Can cover the global energy demand
-The potential is enormous. There are no other forms of renewable energy that can meet the entire world's energy needs. Research breakthroughs in this area will have enormous significance for meeting future energy challenges. The key is developing new and better solar cell technology, says Vebjørn Bakken.
He is the head of SMN (Centre for Materials Science and Nanotechnology) at the University of Oslo (UiO). This is a centre where physicists and chemists have worked together for years developing among other things technologies relating to solar energy – not the least new materials in solar cells. Bakken also leads the work with SOLARIS, which UiO has recently selected to develop a world-leading project in solar energy.
Solar cells, storage and usage
The SOLARIS-initiative will initially focus on hiring a top-notch international researcher in solar energy who will spearhead the project. It is desirable that this person either specialises in the development of new materials for solar cells and/or focuses on the storage and use of solar energy.
-The sun does not only shine when energy is in demand. Good systems for storage and use are therefore required to ensure energy supply when needed. Our new elite researcher and project leader will complement and enhance the already highly qualified research environment we have in this field. We will then build a world class research environment around him or her.
SOLARIS has initially applied for an annual budget of 8 million NOK for salaries and equipment each year for five years. After this period the aim is to have the project financed for at least another five years.
Good timing for the solar industry
UiO and SMN have long worked closely together with industry, SINTEF and IFE (Institute for Energy Technology) for developing better solar energy systems. Bakken highlights FME Sol as a centre which for years has been working with solar technology. SOLARIS will help strengthen all this research.
Recent years have been a turbulent times globally for solar energy companies, but the future now looks much brighter. Also Norwegian solar energy industry is beginning to rise again after tough times. It is expected that renewable energy and solar power will play a strategic role in Norwegian business in the coming years.
Markets worldwide have begun to grow and this is also reflected in Norway where solar power increasingly is being used in new buildings.
Research and innovation are crucial
-The solar industry states that further research and innovation are essential to their profit margins. We already contribute to this and wish to contribute even more through SOLARIS, Bakken says.
He believes SOLARIS in scope will similar to a SFF (Centre of Excellence) funded by UiO and the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
-Through SOLARIS` elite environment, we expect to provide expertise and pioneering breakthroughs, says Bakken who also hopes for even more success in EU research projects - not least in the large framework program Horizon 2020 - in addition to Norwegian research programs like SFI/FME and SFF.
Strengthens green profile
He points out that SOLARIS also will become a flagship for UiO Energy and that it will strengthen UiO’ s green profile.
-Solar energy is a renewable energy source, unlike oil, gas and coal. Norway is also qualified to create the world's most environmentally friendly solar cells. Additionally it is a paradox that many of the areas of the world where the lack of electricity is greatest lies in the Sun Belt around the equator.
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If a material full of pores is soaked in a fluid and another fluid is forced into it, how will the invading fluid displace the other one? It took 30 years to verify the answer, which will be useful for CO2 storage.